Wednesday, 14 May 2014

Photography Tips For Fashion Bloggers • How To Work With Lighting

lighting tips in photography for bloggers

Photography Tips | How To Work With Lighting

When I first started fashion blogging, people were puzzled as to how I could get my photographs to look so bright during the grey and dreary Winter.

Looking through my old personal style blog posts, you'll see a lot of comments from bloggers asking how I got my photos so bright when it has been overcast for weeks. Firstly, it was a big help to use 50mm camera lens, this is a lens that lets more light in.

But also, choosing to shoot at the right time of day was really important lot. I totally understand that not everyone can be as flexible with time and if that's the case, you may need to have a few basic little tricks up your sleeve!

photography tips for bloggers, how to shoot in natural lighting

Use Natural Lighting Whenever Possible - But Not Mid-Day....


This one took ages for me to get my head around. We all know that the brightest time of the day is mid-day, this is when the sun is strongest (providing the weather is nice, of course!)

When relying on a natural light source, the urge to go outside on my lunch break to take a few outfit photos outdoors is far too tempting but I've learnt to hold myself back, because I find that it causes a few issues when you're taking photograph at this time of day.

Mid-Day lighting is too harsh and when the sun hits at the wrong angles, the unwanted shadows can be unflattering and it can highlight ALL the flaws on my skin. Eeeeks!


If you're shooting outfit photos for your fashion blog, the best time of the day to go out there is when the sun is low, avoiding the hard sunlight of midday. You will get a lovely glare from the sun which creates a dreamy soft lighting like the image above which was taken at about 5pm. 

This, of course, only applies when we have a bit of sunshine which is very rare in the UK! I know that not everyone is flexible with time, and this doesn't suit everyone's style (plus, the weather in England is usually pretty yucky - when it's cloudy and overcast, you just want to go out there and get things done before it gets dark!)

But if you shoot at the weekend and it happens to be bright and sunny, go out there at about 4-6pm when the sun is lowering and experiment with angles. Shoot into the light with the sun behind you and see what happens!

advantages of shooting in raw

Shoot in RAW


So, what about when natural lighting is a bit "off" or totally unmanageable? Perhaps it looks too dark outside to take decent photos?  Well, this is a trick I picked up from professional photographers. Shoot in RAW format! It gives you a huge advantage and I have come to realise that it can help SO MUCH in low-light situations.

Firstly, you will need to change this on your camera settings so that it shoots in RAW (files ending in .nef) instead of jpeg. Professional photographers shoot in RAW format because this gives a tremendous amount of flexibility to adjust the white balance and any lighting imperfections in post production.

I'd imagine that wedding photographers would benefit from shooting in RAW as they only have one single chance to capture the shot and get it right for their client. There's also less pressure when you shoot in this format because it is possible to fix things post production. For bloggers, shooting in RAW just gives you a bit of ease where lighting is a concern.

Above is an example of how much difference can be made to an image in RAW format by using an image software like Nikon View NX. You will need to edit in RAW (.nef) before you convert to jpeg. There are lots of things you can do on this but for example, by tweaking the exposure on a RAW photo, it "fixes" the image by correcting the lighting and the reason it can do this is because the file still contains all the raw camera and lens data (as opposed to jpeg which is a flattened image) This allows it to give a more consistent and predictable effect when adjusting the exposure, compared to the same process on a jpeg in photoshop.

It's a very good tool to use to amend your lighting issues and improve the photograph, but it is by no means a magic wand, and you shouldn't rely on this 100% to get the lighting right.

However, it does allow you to get away with shooting photographs that are a bit darker and under-exposed, as you can lighten them up afterwards using the RAW format. It's also worth mentioning at this point that its better to slightly under-expose than it is to over-expose, I won't go into the details right now as the explanation behind this is quite long winded.

The only thing I don't like about shooting in RAW is that the files are really big and it can take up a lot of space on your memory card. You also have to convert your images to jpeg before uploading it to your blog which can take ages.


tips on flash photography

Get Creative With Flash 


Flash photography isn't something you see a lot of in the world of fashion blogs, and a lot of fashion and beauty bloggers even rule it out completely but actually, I think using the flash is fine if you are going to for an edgy, white-out "studio" look.

Using the flash makes the image sharper, and if you use in the right way, the whole thing can look really nice in a 90's style. It can be quite hard to get it right as there may be light bouncing off in areas you don't want it to (for me, this would be my glasses), and although it's not necessary, you might require a good quality (possibly external) flash for this.

As you can see in the image above, I've used this technique on my blog before with the use of an external flash. Some of these shots came out quite dull and blue, so you may find that the white balance needs altering but this is very simple to do on your camera settings, and also post production.

I love flash photography depending on the situation and in some ways, it's easier than relying on a natural light source, but personally, I can't always pull off the edgy look and and I don't think it is right for my blog. I prefer relying on natural lighting for a softer finish to my photos for now but I wouldn't eliminate the option of using flash photography. A bit off-topic but this photo makes me want to dye my hair again!

Learn How To Use The Manual Settings

This is an obvious one but you'll need to set your camera settings properly based on factors like lighting. That is the beauty of Digital SLRs! But I definitely understand how hard it is on dark and cloudy days to get the right balance between natural lighting and your camera settings, especially with so many aspects to consider.

There are different ways to use the settings depending on what you're photographing. For a blog like my own it is fairly straight forward, especially with beauty product photography where the object is completely still. Basically, if you're shooting in manual mode, the three settings to consider are: ISO, shutter speed and aperture.

For bright days, use a low ISO setting. In low light situations, use a high ISO setting but be aware that the higher the ISO, the grainier your photos will be (the lower the ISO, the crisper and sharper your photos will be).

Next, thing to do after that is set shutter speed and aperture. Aperture (or F-value) settings are how wide the lens aperture is opened. Opening up the aperture to a low setting such as f/1.8 will allow more light in to the lens and give a shallow depth of field.

The shallower the depth of field, the more bokeh (blurry) your background will be which is perfect if you want to focus on one single object, like a beauty product for example. If you want a flatter image and to capture more details of the background, turn this setting up. By doing this your image will be darker, which means you will have to balance this by turning the shutter speed down. The infographic cheat sheet guide above illustrates what settings you should have your camera. It's all about balancing the ISO, aperture and shutter speed depending on the light that's available to you.

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So, those were my tips on how I work with lighting, but if any of you have any quick tips for myself and other bloggers, please pop a little comment at the end of this post. I'd also love to know whether you guys prefer natural lighting or flash photography. I use slighting different techniques for my beauty blogpost photos so let me know if you'd like me to write something up on that too.

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26 comments

  1. This is super helpful- I know a tiny bit about the aperture, white balance etc, but could never remember which way round which bits were supposed to be for what. Thanks so much!

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  2. You've really gone to town on these tips, very comprehensive indeed. I don't shoot on raw so much but have done. Might give it another get next time I'm out.

    Buckets & Spades

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  3. wooo so nice!
    I really need to check about how to change my settings to RAW! it would help me a lot with taking photos with looks and everything! thank you!
    Take care**

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  4. OMG the tips and chart are super helpful! I WILL lay off the auto focus now, thanks :*

    Mintyessence



    Xx

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  5. Hi Sarah. Do you have someone else take your photographs or do you use a remote at all? I just started my own blog and trying to figure out how to take self portraits. Thanks!

    Irene
    www.pinchanddabble.com

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  6. These are great tips, thank you so much for sharing! :)
    The only thing I really don't do is shooting in RAW... I've heard many people saying the photos look better and are easier to edit but just imagining how much space it must take! I'd love to heard your thoughts on this ;)
    -
    Ester @ Drawing Dreaming

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  7. Thanks for sharing these tips ! The light makes so much difference !
    Sara,
    http://thecrimeofashion.blogspot.fr

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  8. Great post!
    Your photos are always so beautiful and one day hopefully mine can be as gorgeous as yours! I've still got a lot to learn in regards to photography, but I am very lucky that we do have a lot of sunlight here in Australia so I haven't had to struggle with lack of light too often!
    Thanks so much for sharing your tips and tricks with us!

    Lauren xx

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  9. Great post - love the cheap sheet! I learn as I go on but sure do lust over some fashion bloggers beautiful photography.

    Sarah
    www.daisychainsanddreamers.com

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  10. That cheat sheet will be very helpful, thank you. I'm forever forgetting what means what with my camera, so I usually just end up hoping for the best.
    Rubi x
    The Den

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  11. Sometimes, I do have problem in the light when taking a photo too. Thanks for your recommend though :) xx

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  12. Love the tips you have here! All of these are always great to keep in mind as a beauty (and occasional fashion) blogger! New Follower! Looking forward to reading more posts!
    <3 Pauline, ­­Addicted to Makeup

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  13. My friend told me about the RAW setting but have never used it before, now I know what it can do I'll have to give it a try :) Thanks for the tips
    Love Holly x
    http://afreakoffashion.blogspot.co.uk

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  14. This is such an amazingly helpful post Sarah! I really must try shooting in RAW! xx

    Gemma // Miss Makeup Magpie

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  15. I'm pretty rubbish with camera settings so this is super helpful!! I recently changed my camera settings to shoot RAW photos and I've noticed such an improvement. Great post :) xxx

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  16. Love this post, and I also love your blog!
    New Follower :)

    Muny’sFashionFanatique | FASHION & STYLE BLOG

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  17. I love this post - I remember asking you about your lovely light photos and ever since then, I always like to shoot RAW. I think my photos have really improved because of the extra flexibility that comes with shooting them at such a high quality. Awesome tips Sarah!

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  18. Wow this is such a great info and I didn't know about Raw setting at all! So ".nef" is the Raw setting? then we can convert to .jpeg after? Thank you for sharing this!! xo akiko
    Style Imported

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  19. Hello! Greetings from Singapore! Great post. But anyway, lovely blog you have. Would you like to follow each other on GFC and Google+? Let me know with a comment on my blog. Keep in touch!

    Shikin Kikin | shikinkikin.blogspot.sg

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  20. This was such a useful post! The photography chart will definitely come in handy when photographing beauty products, I usually just leave my camera on the auto function >__<

    izzisaur.com: a beauty, food and lifestyle blog

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  21. I tend to prefer natural light to flash as it gives photos a more casual feel to them. This was a very interesting post with very handy tips, so thank you :) x

    savvysuperstylish.blogspot.co.uk

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  22. Well shooting in the raw sunlight is one of my dearest hobbies and I often do it in my free time. I'm a photography freak and I love shooting outdoors. I'm glad I came across your blog just now since I was searching for some tips on taking photos outdoors. Thank you for sharing this information with us.

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